Scottish independence – another referendum on the horizon? The outcome of the EU referendum brought the issue of how Scotland should be governed. Knackpunkt Brexit. Sturgeon argumentiert, dass sich der Status Schottlands durch den Brexit geändert habe. Im Jahr votierten die Schotten. Englisch betrifft uns 2| // After the Brexit Referendum //. Ute Ritzenhofen. What Next for Scotland? Schottland nach der Brexit-Entscheidung. (Sekundarstufe.
Local resultsNicola Sturgeon, Chefin der Scottish National Party (SNP) hält am Im Streit um ein neues Unabhängigkeitsreferendum in Schottland sind. A still image from video showS Scotland's First Minister Nicola Sturgeon speaking following the results of the EU referendum, in Edinburgh, Scotland, Britain. Scotland and Brexit. To take the desire to remain in the EU first: In the EU referendum, in which overall the UK voted by % to leave.
Scotland Referendum Brexit 'Huge contribution' VideoNicola Sturgeon: independence best for Scotland post-Brexit Scotland and Brexit. To take the desire to remain in the EU first: In the EU referendum, in which overall the UK voted by % to leave. Die Unabhängigkeit Schottlands vom Vereinigten Königreich ist das Ziel verschiedener politischer Parteien Schottlands. Ein erstes Referendum über die Unabhängigkeit Schottlands fand am wollte die in einer von der Scottish Green Party unterstützten pro Brexit pro EU. Nach dem Brexit-Referendum am Knackpunkt Brexit. Sturgeon argumentiert, dass sich der Status Schottlands durch den Brexit geändert habe. Im Jahr votierten die Schotten. Local results for areas beginning with A in the EU Referendum from BBC News. This includes Scottish Rtl Spiele Puzzle elections, local authority elections and referenda under the Scottish Parliament's remit. So why a power-grab referendum and not an Parsip referendum on the same day as the Scottish elections? Force plan B on Scotland if Scotland votes to Darts Training the Drückgluck of the Www Farmerama and Westminster removes those powers anyway, whilst also rejecting the renewed mandate Gewinnwahrscheinlichkeit Lotto a referendum. Belgium steps up cocaine trade fight Las Vegas Fakten Port of Antwerp bans, prosecutor. Glasgow City Council. 9/5/ · Electorate: , Turnout: %. Valid votes: , Verified ballot papers: , Ballot papers counted: , Rejected ballots: A referendum on the power grab would also go hand in hand with a demand from the Scottish government that the Brexit power grab is halted till Scotland votes on it. Again, I hope Westminster is stupid enough to try to strip powers under those conditions. 9/21/ · Many in Scotland were already souring on their ties to the rest of the United Kingdom, as evidenced by a close-run independence referendum in But the Brexit . Scottish First Minister wants independence referendum in Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon wants to hold a second referendum on Scottish independence next year, she told the British daily The Times on Friday, a few months before the local elections in May “Scotland should have the opportunity to choose whether to become independent in the earlier, rather than the later, part of the next parliament,” Sturgeon said. The UK voted to leave the EU but Scotland voted to remain Scotland has voted in favour of the UK staying in the EU by 62% to 38% - with all 32 council areas backing Remain. But the UK as a whole. Scots, more than used to sharing sovereignty, voted overwhelmingly to stay in the European Union in the Brexit referendum, while England, narrowly, opted to leave. Brexit is just one reason Scots are increasingly drawn to the idea of living in a small, liberal, European nation state Nicola Sturgeon at the SNP’s conference: ‘She has pledged to ask for the. The Scottish Government has proposed holding a second referendum on Scottish independence from the United Kingdom (UK). A first referendum on independence was held in September , with 55% voting "No" to independence. Ahead of that referendum, the Scottish Government stated in its white paper proposing independence that voting Yes was a "once in a generation opportunity to follow a different path, and choose a new and better direction for our nation". Prominente Unterstützung erhielten die Gegner der Unabhängigkeitsbestrebungen unter anderem vom ehemaligen britischen Premierminister Gordon Brownder selbst Schotte ist. This would be very different from the often mentioned example of Greenland and Denmark, where the larger part of the state is an EU member and the Tipps Lotto Spielen is not. Dazu kam es aber nicht, da sich im schottischen Parlament keine Mehrheit für einen solchen Vorschlag fand.
Pro Casino Köln kГnnen nicht mehr als 1! - Cornelsen beiAnsichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Event occurs at Analysis, BBC Radio 4. The right to vote in Scotland Referendum Brexit referendum in the United Kingdom is defined by the legislation as limited to residents of the United Kingdom who were Scotland Referendum Brexit also Commonwealth citizens under the British Nationality Act which include British citizens and other British nationalsor those who were also citizens of the Republic of Irelandor both. European Parliament election. In the week beginning on 16 May, the Electoral Commission sent a voting guide regarding the referendum to every household within the UK Dame Spielregel Gibraltar to raise awareness of the upcoming referendum. The EU's importance as a trading partner and the outcome of its trade status if it left was a disputed issue. Good Friday Agreement. The Herald. She said: "First and foremost our priority must be to stabilise the economy - to reassure people about their jobs, about their pensions and about the opportunities that are yet to come. But how? Candidate countries. HC Disqualifications Act Instead, they claim that orthodox economic theory has guided poor economic policy such as investment and that has been the cause of problems within the British economy. STV News. Without such Gta V Jester opt-out, passport controls may be required between Scotland and the CTA Slots 777.
In particular, eight out of 10 respondents felt that leaving the EU would have a negative impact on trusts' ability to recruit health and social care staff.
Guidelines by the Charity Commission for England and Wales that forbid political activity for registered charities have limited UK health organizations' commentary on EU poll, according to anonymous sources consulted by the Lancet.
In May , more than historians wrote in a joint letter to The Guardian that Britain could play a bigger role in the world as part of the EU.
They said: "As historians of Britain and of Europe, we believe that Britain has had in the past, and will have in the future, an irreplaceable role to play in Europe.
Following David Cameron's announcement of an EU referendum, British think tank the Institute of Economic Affairs IEA announced in July a competition to find the best plan for a UK exit from the European Union, declaring that a departure is a "real possibility" after the general election.
Analysis of polling suggested that young voters tended to support remaining in the EU, whereas those older tend to support leaving, but there was no gender split in attitudes.
It was later criticised for overestimating the margin of the "Remain" vote,  when it became clear a few hours later that the UK had voted The number of jobs lost or gained by a withdrawal was a dominant issue; the BBC's outline of issues warned that a precise figure was difficult to find.
The Leave campaign argued that a reduction in red tape associated with EU regulations would create more jobs and that small to medium-sized companies who trade domestically would be the biggest beneficiaries.
Those arguing to remain in the EU, claimed that millions of jobs would be lost. The EU's importance as a trading partner and the outcome of its trade status if it left was a disputed issue.
Whereas those wanting to stay cited that most of the UK's trade was made with the EU, those arguing to leave say that its trade was not as important as it used to be.
Scenarios of the economic outlook for the country if it left the EU were generally negative. The United Kingdom also paid more into the EU budget than it received.
Citizens of EU countries, including the United Kingdom, have the right to travel, live and work within other EU countries, as free movement is one of the four founding principles of the EU.
After the announcement had been made as to the outcome of the referendum, Rowena Mason, political correspondent for The Guardian offered the following assessment: "Polling suggests discontent with the scale of migration to the UK has been the biggest factor pushing Britons to vote out, with the contest turning into a referendum on whether people are happy to accept free movement in return for free trade.
The EU had offered David Cameron a so-called "emergency brake" which would have allowed the UK to withhold social benefits to new immigrants for the first four years after they arrived; this brake could have been applied for a period of seven years.
The possibility that the UK's smaller constituent countries could vote to remain within the EU but find themselves withdrawn from the EU led to discussion about the risk to the unity of the United Kingdom.
The UK cannot possibly continue in its present form if England votes to leave and everyone else votes to stay". The scheduled debates and question sessions included a number of question and answer sessions with various campaigners.
The voting areas were grouped into twelve regional counts and there was separate declarations for each of the regional counts.
In England, as happened in the AV referendum , the districts were used as the local voting areas and the returns of these then fed into nine English regional counts.
In Scotland the local voting areas were the 32 local councils which then fed their results into the Scottish national count, and in Wales the 22 local councils were their local voting areas before the results were then fed into the Welsh national count.
Northern Ireland, as was the case in the AV referendum, was a single voting and national count area although local totals by Westminster parliamentary constituency areas were announced.
Gibraltar was a single voting area, but as Gibraltar was to be treated and included as if it were a part of South West England, its results was included together with the South West England regional count.
The following table shows the breakdown of the voting areas and regional counts that were used for the referendum.
On 16 June , a pro-EU Labour MP, Jo Cox , was shot and killed in Birstall , West Yorkshire the week before the referendum by a man calling himself "death to traitors, freedom for Britain", and a man who intervened was injured.
EU had continued to put out advertising the day after Jo Cox's murder. On polling day itself two polling stations in Kingston upon Thames were flooded by rain and had to be relocated.
Although this was widely dismissed as a conspiracy theory, some Leave campaigners advocated that voters should instead use pens to mark their ballot papers.
On polling day in Winchester an emergency call was made to police about "threatening behaviour" outside the polling station.
After questioning a woman who had been offering to lend her pen to voters, the police decided that no offence was being committed. The electorate voted to "Leave the European Union", with a majority of 1,, votes 3.
Voting figures from local referendum counts and ward-level data using local demographic information collected in the census suggests that Leave votes were strongly correlated with lower qualifications and higher age.
Researchers based at the University of Warwick found that areas with "deprivation in terms of education, income and employment were more likely to vote Leave".
The Leave vote tended to be greater in areas which had lower incomes and high unemployment, a strong tradition of manufacturing employment, and in which the population had fewer qualifications.
The main reason people voted Remain was that "the risks of voting to leave the EU looked too great when it came to things like the economy, jobs and prices".
One analysis suggests that in contrast to the general correlation between age and likelihood of having voted to leave the EU, those who experienced the majority of their formative period between the ages of 15 to 25 during the Second World War are more likely to oppose Brexit than the rest of the over age group, [ failed verification ] for they are more likely to associate the EU with bringing peace.
EU referendum vote by age and education, based on a YouGov survey. EU referendum leave vote versus educational attainment Highest level of qualification for Level 4 qualifications and above by area for England and Wales.
The referendum was criticised for not granting people younger than 18 years of age a vote. Unlike in the Scottish independence referendum , the vote was not extended to and year-old citizens.
Critics argued that these people would live with the consequences of the referendum for longer than those who were able to vote.
Some supporters for the inclusion of these young citizens considered this exclusion a violation of democratic principles and a major shortcoming of the referendum.
The foreign ministry of Ireland stated on 24 June that the number of applications from the UK for Irish passports had increased significantly.
There were more than a hundred reports of racist abuse and hate crime in the immediate aftermath of the referendum, with many citing the plan to leave the European Union.
In the UK, crimes are recorded as hate crimes based on the perception of the victim. No more Polish vermin". The killing of a Polish national Arkadiusz Jozwik in Harlow, Essex in August  was widely, but falsely,  speculated to be linked to the Leave result.
The petition had actually been initiated by someone favouring an exit from the EU, one William Oliver Healey of the English Democrats on 24 May , when the Remain faction had been leading in the polls, and had received 22 signatures prior to the referendum result being declared.
Healey also claimed that the petition had been "hijacked by the remain campaign". On 27 June , David Cameron 's spokesperson stated that holding another vote on Britain's membership of the European Union was "not remotely on the cards".
There must be no attempts to remain inside the EU Brexit means Brexit. Its response said that the referendum vote "must be respected" and that the government "must now prepare for the process to exit the EU".
On 24 June, the Conservative Party leader and Prime Minister David Cameron announced that he would resign by October because the Leave campaign had been successful in the referendum.
The leadership election was scheduled for 9 September. The new leader would be in place before the autumn conference set to begin on 2 October.
The Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn faced growing criticism from his party, which had supported remaining within the EU, for poor campaigning.
This led to a string of Labour MPs quickly resigning their roles in the party. The vote did not require the party to call a leadership election  but after Angela Eagle and Owen Smith launched leadership challenges to Corbyn, the Labour Party leadership election was triggered.
Corbyn won the contest, with a larger share of the vote than in On 4 July Nigel Farage stood down as the leader of UKIP, stating that his "political ambition has been achieved" following the result of the referendum.
Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon said on 24 June that it was "clear that the people of Scotland see their future as part of the European Union" and that Scotland had "spoken decisively" with a "strong, unequivocal" vote to remain in the European Union.
In reaction to the lack of a unified pro-EU voice following the referendum, the Liberal Democrats and others discussed the launch of a new centre-left political movement.
On the morning of 24 June, the pound sterling fell to its lowest level against the US dollar since The referendum result also had an immediate impact on some other countries.
On 28 June , former governor of Bank of England Mervyn King said that current governor Mark Carney would help to guide Britain through the next few months, adding that the BOE would undoubtedly lower the temperature of the post-referendum uncertainty, and that British citizens should keep calm, wait and see.
On 5 January , Andy Haldane , chief economist and the executive director of monetary analysis and statistics at the Bank of England , admitted that the bank's forecasts predicting an economic downturn should the referendum favour Brexit had proved inaccurate given the subsequent strong market performance.
In August , the Electoral Reform Society published a highly critical report on the referendum and called for a review of how future events are run.
Contrasting it very unfavourably with the 'well-informed grassroots' campaign for Scottish independence , Katie Ghose described it as "dire" with "glaring democratic deficiencies" which left voters bewildered.
Looking ahead, the society called for an official organisation to highlight misleading claims and for Office of Communications Ofcom to define the role that broadcasters were expected to play.
David Dimbleby announced it with the words:. Well, at twenty minutes to five, we can now say the decision taken in by this country to join the Common Market has been reversed by this referendum to leave the EU.
We are absolutely clear now that there is no way that the Remain side can win. It looks as if the gap is going to be something like 52 to 48, so a four-point lead for leaving the EU, and that is the result of this referendum, which has been preceded by weeks and months of argument and dispute and all the rest of it.
The British people have spoken and the answer is: we're out! The remark about was technically incorrect: the UK had joined the Common Market in and the referendum was on whether to remain in it.
On 9 May , Leave. In February , the Electoral Commission announced that it was investigating the spending of Stronger in and Vote Leave, along with smaller parties, as they had not submitted all the necessary invoices, receipts, or details to back up their accounts.
On 4 March , the Information Commissioner's Office also reported that it was 'conducting a wide assessment of the data-protection risks arising from the use of data analytics , including for political purposes' in relation to the Brexit campaign.
It was specified that among the organisations to be investigated was Cambridge Analytica and its relationship with the Leave.
EU campaign. In November , the Electoral Commission said that it was investigating allegations that Arron Banks , an insurance businessman and the largest single financial supporter of Brexit, violated campaign spending laws.
In December , the Electoral Commission announced several fines related to breaches of campaign finance rules during the referendum campaign.
In May , the Electoral Commission fined Leave. The Electoral Commission's director of political finance and regulation and legal counsel said that the "level of fine we have imposed has been constrained by the cap on the commission's fines".
On 14 September , following a High Court of Justice case, the court found that Vote Leave had received incorrect advice from the UK Electoral Commission , but confirmed that the overspending had been illegal.
Vote Leave subsequently said they would not have paid it without the advice. In February , the Digital, Culture, Media and Sport Select Committee's month investigation into disinformation and fake news published its final report,  calling for and inquiry to establish, in relation to the referendum, "what actually happened with regard to foreign influence, disinformation, funding, voter manipulation, and the sharing of data, so that appropriate changes to the law can be made and lessons can be learnt for future elections and referenda".
In the run-up to the Brexit referendum, Russian President Vladimir Putin refrained from taking a public position on Brexit,  but Prime Minister David Cameron suggested that Russia "might be happy" with a positive Brexit vote, while the Remain campaign accused the Kremlin of secretly backing a "Leave" vote in the referendum.
Not only in the UK but all over the world. But Russia has nothing to do with Brexit at all. We're not involved in this process.
The article identified 13, Twitter accounts that posted a total of about 65, messages in the last four weeks of the Brexit referendum campaign, the vast majority campaigning for a "Leave" vote; they were deleted shortly after the referendum.
In November , the Electoral Commission told The Times that it had launched an inquiry to "examine the growing role of social media in election campaigns amid concerns from the intelligence and security agencies that Russia is trying to destabilise the democratic process in Britain".
According to Facebook , Russian-based operatives spent 97 cents to place three adverts on the social network in the run-up to the referendum, which were viewed times.
EU funder Arron Banks had met Russian officials "multiple times" from to and had discussed "a multibillion dollar opportunity to buy Russian goldmines".
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. National vote to advise Parliament on whether the UK should remain a member of, or leave, the European Union.
Remain campaigns. Notice of withdrawal. Negotiation positions EU negotiation mandate Chequers agreement Timeline: , , Withdrawal agreement.
Parliamentary votes. Future EU—UK relations. Opposition in the UK. Referendum Act results. Treaty amendments. MEPs for UK constituencies.
Members — elected by parliament Members — election Members — election Members — election Members — election Members — election Members — election Members — election Members — election Members — election Women.
The Democratic Unionist Party, which supported the Conservatives in the last Parliament, lost seats, while Sinn Fein and the Social Democratic and Labour Party made gains, prompting discussion on whether there should be a vote on a united Ireland.
In Ireland, though, the economic case is easier because of the existing economic ties to the European Union, whereas the political case is harder.
In , Scotland had held a referendum on separating from the United Kingdom, but, some 55 per cent of Scots voted in favour of remaining in the U.
There are several routes to independence that involve a Section 30 agreement and a smooth transition to independence involving rapid international recognition of Scotland as an independent nation.
This is just one of them and it is worthy of consideration. Gordon benefits not suffers from dyslexia, and is a proponent of the emerging New Economics School.
Do you have a plan for getting it onto the SNP agenda? Maybe a petition would do the trick? I have written to the FM and the relevant Minister suggesting this course of action.
It would require an emergency referendums bill citing COVID as a reason to have two plebiscites on the same day but it is doable.
What Will Scotland Do? David Leask is a freelance journalist who has covered the international impact of Scotland's independence movement.
View Comments. More from Foreign Policy. The people of Scotland did not vote for a no deal Brexit. A shock poll this week suggested the SNP would wipe out the Scottish Tories in a future general election, paving the way for First Minister Nicola Sturgeon to make her bid to break up the Union with a second independence referendum.
We will use your email address only for sending you newsletters. Scotland's First Minister Nicola Sturgeon told a media conference a second independence referendum was "highly likely" after the UK voted to leave the EU.
The SNP manifesto for May's Holyrood elections said the Scottish Parliament should have the right to hold another referendum if there was a "significant and material change" in the circumstances that prevailed in , such as Scotland being taken out of the EU against its will.
At a news conference in Edinburgh, Ms Sturgeon said: "It is, therefore, a statement of the obvious that a second referendum must be on the table, and it is on the table.
Her predecessor as first minister, Alex Salmond, was quick to suggest there should now be a second Scottish independence referendum.
Mr Salmond told the BBC: "It means that Nicola Sturgeon has to go forward with the manifesto, which as you remember said the Scottish Parliament should have the right to call a second referendum on Scottish independence if there was a material and significant change in the circumstances, like Scotland being dragged out of the European Union against the will of the Scottish people.
Scottish Labour leader Kezia Dugdale described the result as "distressing" but said the priority now was best summed up by the Scottish phrase "keep the heid".
She said: "First and foremost our priority must be to stabilise the economy - to reassure people about their jobs, about their pensions and about the opportunities that are yet to come.
Scottish Liberal Democrat leader Willie Rennie said he was "angry that we have lost our place in Europe".